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Tumor-associated macrophage heterogeneity is driven by tissue territories in breast cancer

Abstract : Tissue-resident macrophages adapt to local signals within tissues to acquire specific functions. Neoplasia transforms the tissue, raising the question as to how the environmental perturbations contribute to tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) identity and functions. Combining scRNAseq to spatial localization of distinct TAM subsets by imaging, we discover that TAM transcriptomic programs follow two main differentiation paths according to their localization in the stroma or in the neoplastic epithelium of the mammary duct. Furthermore, this diversity is exclusively detected in spontaneous tumor model and track the different stroma territories as well as the type of tumor lesion. These TAM subsets harbor distinct capacity to activate CD8+ T cells and to phagocyte tumor cells supporting that specific tumor regions rather than defined activation states are the major drivers of TAM plasticity and heterogeneity. The distinctions created here provide a framework to design new cancer treatment targeting specific TAM niches.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03699958
Contributor : Alexandre Boissonnas Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 20, 2022 - 4:31:57 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 21, 2022 - 10:13:12 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 22, 2022 - 10:54:30 AM

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Marie Laviron, Maxime Petit, Eléonore Weber-Delacroix, Alexis J Combes, Arjun Rao Arkal, et al.. Tumor-associated macrophage heterogeneity is driven by tissue territories in breast cancer. Cell Reports, Elsevier Inc, 2022, 39 (8), pp.110865. ⟨10.1016/j.celrep.2022.110865⟩. ⟨hal-03699958⟩

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