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Intercellular Communication in the Brain through Tunneling Nanotubes

Abstract : Intercellular communication is essential for tissue homeostasis and function. Understanding how cells interact with each other is paramount, as crosstalk between cells is often dysregulated in diseases and can contribute to their progression. Cells communicate with each other through several modalities, including paracrine secretion and specialized structures ensuring physical contact between them. Among these intercellular specialized structures, tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) are now recognized as a means of cell-to-cell communication through the exchange of cellular cargo, controlled by a variety of biological triggers, as described here. Intercellular communication is fundamental to brain function. It allows the dialogue between the many cells, including neurons, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, glial cells, microglia, necessary for the proper development and function of the brain. We highlight here the role of TNTs in connecting these cells, for the physiological functioning of the brain and in pathologies such as stroke, neurodegenerative diseases, and gliomas. Understanding these processes could pave the way for future therapies.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03752504
Contributor : Marie-Luce Vignais Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 16, 2022 - 9:22:49 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 2, 2022 - 1:39:49 PM

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Khattar E Khattar, Janice Safi, Anne-Marie Rodriguez, Marie-Luce Vignais. Intercellular Communication in the Brain through Tunneling Nanotubes. Cancers, MDPI, 2022, 14 (5), pp.1207. ⟨10.3390/cancers14051207⟩. ⟨inserm-03752504⟩

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