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Spondylodiscitis Due to Aspergillus terreus in an Immunocompetent Host: Case Report and Literature Review

Abstract : Aspergillus terreus, a saprophytic fungus, is recognized as an emerging pathogen responsible for various infections in human beings. However, bone and joint involvement is uncommon. We report a rare case of A. terreus spondylodiscitis in a 20-year-old male with a past history of recurrent, incompletely treated pulmonary tuberculosis. Clinical signs at the time of admission included cough, low-grade fever, general weakness and left-sided back pain. Histological examination of spinal biopsy samples revealed lesions of necrosis, granulomatous inflammation and septate hyphae with acute-angle branching. A. terreus was recovered from culture. The patient received antifungal therapy with voriconazole plus caspofungin and underwent surgical debridement. Further investigations revealed no cause of primary immunodeficiency such as chronic granulomatous disease, severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome or disorders of the IL-12/IFNγ signaling pathway. Moreover, HIV serological tests resulted negative and the patient was not under immunosuppressive therapy. Unfortunately, owing to precarity and medication non-adherence, vertebral sequelae occurred. This new report emphasizes the need to consider a fungal infection in patients with spondylodiscitis, regardless of the immune status.
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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-02395563
Contributeur : Nathalie Clement <>
Soumis le : jeudi 5 décembre 2019 - 15:26:56
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 octobre 2020 - 04:16:39

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Pauline Comacle, Yohann Le Govic, Cyril Hoche-Delchet, Jeremy Sandrini, Claire Aguilar, et al.. Spondylodiscitis Due to Aspergillus terreus in an Immunocompetent Host: Case Report and Literature Review. Mycopathologia, Springer Verlag, 2016, 181 (7-8), pp.575-581. ⟨10.1007/s11046-016-0007-6⟩. ⟨hal-02395563⟩

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