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Feasibility and validity of monitoring subarachnoid hemorrhage by a noninvasive MRI imaging perfusion technique: Pulsed Arterial Spin Labeling (PASL)

Abstract : BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the validity of pulsed arterial spin labeling (PASL) imaging with cerebral blood flow (CBF) quantification for monitoring subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH); to describe changes in the perfusion signal in the absence of or following several classic complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients and 14 healthy volunteers were assigned to SAH and control populations, respectively. ASL imaging was performed three times: between Day 0 (D0, i.e., day of onset of SAH symptoms) and D3, between D7 and D9 and between D12 and D14. ASL points were classified as complicated (symptomatic vasospasm, intraparenchymal hematoma or severe intracranial hypertension) or uncomplicated. Perfusion and CBF maps were generated after automated processing. The inversion time (TI) was fixed at 1800 ms. RESULTS: CBF mean value of Day0-3 uncomplicated SAH patients (47 ± 11.7 mL/min/100g) was significantly higher than that of the volunteers (36.5 ± 7.6 mL/min/100g; P=0.014). In a case-by-case analysis, we observed a global or regional hypoperfusion pattern when SAH was complicated by vasospasm or severe intracranial hypertension, particularly at the junctional areas. Furthermore, we have faced major vascular artefacts, visible as serpiginous high signals and related to the retention of labeled protons in arteries concerning by angiographic vasospasm. CONCLUSION: PASL is an interesting perfusion technique to non-invasively highlight perfusion changes in complicated SAH and can provide a new element in the decision to perform urgent endovascular treatment. However, the increase in arterial transit time makes the Buxton quantification model inapplicable and leads to false high CBF values in the single-TI PASL technique. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-02511484
Contributeur : Marie-Françoise Gerard <>
Soumis le : mercredi 18 mars 2020 - 18:40:52
Dernière modification le : lundi 23 mars 2020 - 12:13:17

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Matthieu Labriffe, Aram ter Minassian, Anne Pasco-Papon, Sylvie Nguyen The Tich, Christophe Aubé. Feasibility and validity of monitoring subarachnoid hemorrhage by a noninvasive MRI imaging perfusion technique: Pulsed Arterial Spin Labeling (PASL). American Journal of Neuroradiology, American Society of Neuroradiology, 2015, 42 (6), pp.358-367. ⟨10.1016/j.neurad.2015.04.001⟩. ⟨hal-02511484⟩

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