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Part I: Identifying Natural Products (NPs) as potential UPR inhibitors for crop protection

Abstract : As far as the future of agriculture is concerned, one major challenge will be to face an expected increase in health risks due to pesticides together with a lower efficiency of crop treatments. Therefore it is today necessary to develop new strategies to enhance the effectiveness and sustainability of current control methods. The so-called “Alternaria Leaf Spot“ is a common disease of crucifers caused by the fungal pathogen Alternaria brassicicola which affects different crops including cabbage, kale, Brussels sprout, cauliflower and broccoli. Indole phytoalexins camalexin and brassinin play in planta a key role in crop protection against this necrotrophic agent. However it has been shown that mutants become phytoalexin-resistant by activating at least three signaling pathways named as Cell Wall Integrity (CWI), High Osmolarity Glycerol (HOG) and Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) [1,2]. The latter is particularly involved in the fungus protection against phytoalexins since UPR deficient avirulent mutants of A. brassicicola appear as hypersensitive to camalexin and brassinin [3]. Since very few UPR inhibitors such as the synthetic STF-083010 [4] are known we decided to develop an original screening assay, detecting the production of a HAC1 fluorescence-induced protein, i.e. a transcriptional activator involved in the UPR pathway, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cultures (Figure 1). The preliminary screening of an in-house NPs library [c.a. 70 compounds (polyphenols, terpenoids and alkaloids)] clearly revealed aescin (Aesculus hippocastanum)] as a potential UPR inhibitor.
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Soumis le : lundi 23 mars 2020 - 21:35:59
Dernière modification le : mercredi 6 avril 2022 - 16:08:19




Antoine Bruguière, Anne-Marie Le Ray, Dimitri Bréard, Nadège Blon, Nelly Bataillé-Simoneau, et al.. Part I: Identifying Natural Products (NPs) as potential UPR inhibitors for crop protection. 9th joint Natural Products Conference, Jul 2016, Copenhague, Denmark. Georg Thieme Verlag, Planta medica, 82 (S 01), pp.S1-S381, 2016, ⟨10.1055/s-0036-1596783⟩. ⟨hal-02516441⟩



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