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MRI versus histological methods for time course monitoring of steatosis amount in a murine model of NAFLD

Abstract :

PURPOSE: Hepatic steatosis is an increasingly frequent disease with potentially severe complications. A simple quantification method is required for pretherapeutic studies to allow steatosis monitoring. This study aimed at evaluating steatosis quantification via a standard 1.5T MRI machine in a murine model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven groups of two rats received a choline methionine deficient diet. MRI was performed at days 0, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, and weeks 2, 3, 4 and 5. A phased array surface coil system was used to acquire a GE T1 in- and out-of-phase multi-echo sequence, with neither cardiac nor respiratory synchronization. Steatosis was calculated with the 3-echoes method. Histological quantifications were performed both by optical analysis (percentage of fatty hepatocytes) and by automated measurement of the area of steatosis (AOS). The reference was total intrahepatic triglycerides (TIT). Protocol was approved by the ethic committee.

RESULTS: Steatosis without inflammation, increasing with diet duration, was obtained. MRI provided better agreement (intraclass correlation coefficient) with TIT (0.889, p<0.001) than did AOS (0.629, p=0.001) or optical analysis (0.280, p=0.098). MRI permitted closer monitoring of TIT over time than did AOS or optical analysis. By multivariate analysis, MRI was an independent predictor of TIT on first step and ALT on second step. A model combining these 2 variables provided excellent agreement with TIT (0.953, p<0.001) and permitted excellent monitoring of steatosis over time.

CONCLUSION: MRI is reliable, easy, fast and superior to histological techniques for the assessment of hepatic steatosis in a murine model.

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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-02521227
Contributeur : Okina Université d'Angers <>
Soumis le : vendredi 27 mars 2020 - 12:12:01
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 octobre 2020 - 04:16:44

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L.-M. Leiber, Jérôme Boursier, Sophie Michalak, Vincent Roullier, Lionel Fizanne, et al.. MRI versus histological methods for time course monitoring of steatosis amount in a murine model of NAFLD. Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Elsevier, 2015, 96, pp.915-22. ⟨10.1016/j.diii.2015.03.006⟩. ⟨hal-02521227⟩

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