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Normal human adipose tissue functions and differentiation in patients with biallelic LPIN1 inactivating mutations

Abstract : Lipin-1 is a Mg2+-dependent phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) that in mice is necessary for normal glycerolipid biosynthesis, controlling adipocytes metabolism and adipogenic differentiation. Mice carrying inactivating mutations in the Lpin1 gene display the characteristic features of human familial lipodystrophy. Very little is known on the roles of lipin-1 in human adipocyte physiology. Apparently fat distribution and weight is normal in humans carrying LPIN1 inactivating mutations, but a detailed analysis of adipose tissue appearance and functions in these patients has not been available so far. In this study, we performed a systematic histopathological, biochemical and gene expression analysis of adipose tissue biopsies from human patients harbouring LPIN1 biallelic inactivating mutations and affected by recurrent episodes of severe rhabdomyolysis. We also explored the adipogenic differentiation potential of human mesenchymal cell populations derived from lipin-1 defective patients. White adipose tissue from human LPIN1 mutant patients displayed a dramatic decrease in lipin-1 protein levels and PAP activity, with a concomitant moderate reduction of the adipocyte size. Nevertheless the adipose tissue develops without obvious histological signs of lipodystrophy and with a normal qualitative composition of the storage lipids. The increased expression of key adipogenic determinants such as SREBP1, PPARG and PGC1A shows that specific compensatory phenomena can be activated in vivo in human adipocytes under deficiency of a functional lipin-1.
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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-02521228
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Michele Pelosi, Eric Testet, Soazig Le Lay, Isabelle Dugail, Xiaoyun Tang, et al.. Normal human adipose tissue functions and differentiation in patients with biallelic LPIN1 inactivating mutations. Journal of lipid research, 2017, 58 (12), pp.2348-2364. ⟨10.1194/jlr.P075440⟩. ⟨hal-02521228⟩

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