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Evaluation of Systems’ Irregularity and Complexity: Sample Entropy, Its Derivatives, and Their Applications across Scales and Disciplines

Abstract : Based on information theory, a number of entropy measures have been proposed since the 1990s to assess systems' irregularity, such as approximate entropy, sample entropy, permutation entropy, intrinsic mode entropy, and dispersion entropy to cite only a few. Among them, sample entropy has been used in a very large variety of disciplines for both univariate and multivariate data. However, improvements to the sample entropy algorithm are still being proposed because sample entropy is unstable for short time series, may be sensitive to parameter values, and can be too time-consuming for long data. At the same time, it is worth noting that sample entropy does not take into account the multiple temporal scales inherent in complex systems. It is maximized for completely random processes and is used only to quantify the irregularity of signals on a single scale. This is why analyses of irregularity—with sample entropy or its derivatives—at multiple time scales have been proposed to assess systems' complexity. This Special Issue invited contributions related to new and original research based on the use of sample entropy or its derivatives. The papers published in this Special Issue can be divided into two categories. First, some papers present new applications of sample entropy or its derivatives. Second, some papers propose improvements to sample entropy or its derivatives. In addition to these articles, Sun et al. [1] performed a systematic review to summarize the complexity differences of important signals in patients with asthma. They obtained the overall trend of entropy change in the physiological signals related to asthma, evaluated the potential of using entropy of biological dynamics as new clinical indices, and discussed possible strategies for future research. The authors mention that entropy of heart rate variability (HRV), airflow, center of pressure, and respiratory system impedance are lower in patients than in healthy people, whereas the entropies of respiratory sound, airway resistance, and reactance are higher in patients than in healthy people. This might be explained by the unstableness of local respiratory tract and the increase in breathing difficulty.
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Contributeur : Marie-Françoise Gerard Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : vendredi 3 avril 2020 - 15:32:26
Dernière modification le : mercredi 30 mars 2022 - 23:58:01

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Anne Humeau-Heurtier. Evaluation of Systems’ Irregularity and Complexity: Sample Entropy, Its Derivatives, and Their Applications across Scales and Disciplines. Entropy, MDPI, 2018, 20 (10), pp.794. ⟨10.3390/e20100794⟩. ⟨hal-02531268⟩



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