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Article dans une revue

Hemifacial spasm associated with other cranial nerve syndromes: Literature review

Abstract :

Hyperactive dysfunction may affect all cranial nerves in the posterior fossa. According to literature review and personal experience, hemifacial spasm was found to be associated not only with the most frequent cranial nerve syndromes, namely: trigeminal neuralgia, vago-glossopharyngeal neuralgia or VIIIth nerve disturbances manifested by vertigo, tinnitus, hearing decrease, but also with rarer syndromes like geniculate neuralgia, masticatory spasm etc. Also, a number of publications have pointed out the relatively high incidence of the coexistence of hemifacial spasm and systemic blood hypertension; both can be cured by vascular decompression of the ventrolateral aspect of the medulla and IX-Xth route entry zone (REZ) together with the facial REZ. Even more complex clinical presentations have been encountered, corresponding to disturbances in several cranial nerve nuclei. Some could be attributed to neurovascular conflicts from elongated arteries invaginated into the brainstem, and cured by microvascular decompression surgery. When confronted with such complex, and therefore misleading, syndrome, it is advised to search for vascular conflicts at the brainstem using high-resolution MRI exploration.

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Soumis le : lundi 15 juin 2020 - 21:02:14
Dernière modification le : mercredi 19 janvier 2022 - 16:26:02




Marc Sindou, Philippe Mercier. Hemifacial spasm associated with other cranial nerve syndromes: Literature review. Neurochirurgie, 2018, 64 (2), pp.101-105. ⟨10.1016/j.neuchi.2018.01.002⟩. ⟨hal-02869308⟩



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