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Is the Kok effect a respiratory phenomenon? Metabolic insight using 13C labeling in Helianthus annuus leaves

Abstract : The Kok effect is a well-known phenomenon in which the quantum yield of photosynthesis changes abruptly at low light. This effect has often been interpreted as a shift in leaf respiratory metabolism and thus used widely to measure day respiration. However, there is still no formal evidence that the Kok effect has a respiratory origin. Here, both gas exchange and isotopic labeling were carried out on sunflower leaves, using glucose that was(13)C-enriched at specific C-atom positions. Position-specific decarboxylation measurements and NMR analysis of metabolites were used to trace the fate of C-atoms in metabolism. Decarboxylation rates were significant at low light (including above the Kok break point) and increased with decreasing irradiance below 100 mu mol photons m(-2) s(-1). The variation in several metabolite pools such as malate, fumarate or citrate, and flux calculations suggest the involvement of several decarboxylating pathways in the Kok effect, including the malic enzyme. Our results show that day respiratory CO(2)evolution plays an important role in the Kok effect. However, the increase in the apparent quantum yield of photosynthesis below the Kok break point is also probably related to malate metabolism, which participates in maintaining photosynthetic linear electron flow.
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Soumis le : jeudi 17 septembre 2020 - 13:28:59
Dernière modification le : mercredi 30 mars 2022 - 17:48:03

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Paul Gauthier, Natalie Saenz, Kevin Griffin, Danielle Way, Guillaume Tcherkez. Is the Kok effect a respiratory phenomenon? Metabolic insight using 13C labeling in Helianthus annuus leaves. New Phytologist, Wiley, 2020, 13 p. ⟨10.1111/nph.16756⟩. ⟨hal-02941815⟩



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