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Article dans une revue

Mycolactone Gene Expression Is Controlled by Strong SigA-Like Promoters with Utility in Studies of Mycobacterium ulcerans and Buruli Ulcer

Abstract :

Buruli ulcer (BU) is a serious skin infection of humans predominantly occurring in West and Central Africa. The disease is caused by infection with Mycobacterium ulcerans, a bacterium that produces an unusual toxin called mycolactone. There are many unanswered questions surrounding BU, particularly regarding the role of mycolactone in disease and how M. ulcerans is transmitted to humans. Here, we have partly addressed these questions by identifying genetic factors controlling the transcription of the mycolactone genes. Using a variety of experimental approaches, including green fluorescent protein (GFP) as a reporter of gene expression, we have identified strong promoters that drive transcription of the mycolactone genes in M. ulcerans. We then used our GFP reporters to produce highly fluorescent M. ulcerans-GFP that were readily visualized by microscopy. Mosquitoes have been proposed as a potential vector of M. ulcerans so we used M. ulcerans-GFP in feeding experiments with mosquito larvae. M. ulcerans-GFP accumulated within the insects, whereas other mycobacteria did not. This is the first report of the mycolactone gene promoters, and we have used our findings to develop M. ulcerans-GFP, a strain in which fluorescence and toxin gene expression are linked, thus providing a powerful tool for studying Buruli ulcer.

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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03134792
Contributeur : Okina Université d'Angers <>
Soumis le : lundi 8 février 2021 - 14:57:30
Dernière modification le : vendredi 12 février 2021 - 18:32:21
Archivage à long terme le : : dimanche 9 mai 2021 - 19:32:47

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journal.pntd_.0000553.pdf
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Nicholas Tobias, Torsten Seemann, Sacha Pidot, Jessica Porter, Laurent Marsollier, et al.. Mycolactone Gene Expression Is Controlled by Strong SigA-Like Promoters with Utility in Studies of Mycobacterium ulcerans and Buruli Ulcer. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Public Library of Science, 2009, 3 (11), Non spécifié. ⟨10.1371/journal.pntd.0000553⟩. ⟨hal-03134792⟩

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