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Effects of physical activity on cell‐to‐cell communication during type 2 diabetes: A focus on miRNA signaling

Abstract : Type 2 diabetes (TD2) is a progressive disease characterized by hyperglycemia that results from alteration in insulin secretion, insulin resistance, or both. A number of alterations involving different tissues and organs have been reported to the development and the progression of T2D, and more relevantly, through cell-to-cell communication pathways. Recent studies demonstrated that miRNAs are considerably implicated to cell-to-cell communication during T2D. Physical activity (PA) is associated with decreasing risks of developing T2D and acts as insulin-like factor. Cumulative evidence suggest that this effect could be mediated in part through improving insulin sensitivity in T2D and obese patients and modulating miRNAs synthesis and release in healthy patients. Therefore, the practice of PA should ideally be established before the initiation of T2D. This review describes cell-to-cell communications involved in the pathophysiology of T2D during PA.
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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03161485
Contributeur : Samuel Legeay <>
Soumis le : mardi 9 mars 2021 - 12:45:33
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 mars 2021 - 16:25:34
Archivage à long terme le : : jeudi 10 juin 2021 - 19:02:35

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Nabil Foudi, Samuel Legeay. Effects of physical activity on cell‐to‐cell communication during type 2 diabetes: A focus on miRNA signaling. Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology, Wiley, 2021, ⟨10.1111/fcp.12665⟩. ⟨hal-03161485⟩

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