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Chapitre d'ouvrage

Studies of existence and stability of circularly polarized few-cycle solitons beyond the slowly-varying envelope approximation

Abstract :

In this chapter, we provide an overview of recent studies of theoretical models which adequately describe the temporal dynamics of circularly polarized few-cycle optical solitons in both long-wave- and short-wave approximation regimes, beyond the framework of slowly varying envelope approximation. In the long-wave-approximation regime, i.e., when the frequency of the transition is far above the characteristic wave frequency, by using the multiscale analysis (reductive perturbation method), we show that propagation of circularly polarized (vectorial) few-cycle pulses, is described by the nonintegrable complex modified
Korteweg–de Vries equation. In the short-wave-approximation regime, i.e., when the frequency of the transition is far below the characteristic wave frequency, by using the multiscale analysis, we derive from the Maxwell-Bloch equations the governing nonlinear evolution equations for the two polarization components of the electric field, in the first order of the perturbation approach. In this latter case we show that propagation of circularly-polarized few-optical-cycle solitons is described by a system of coupled nonlinear evolution equations, which reduces, for the particular case of scalar solitons, to the completely integrable sine-Gordon equation describing the dynamics of linearly polarized few-cycle pulses in the short-wave-approximation regime. It is seen that, from the slowly varying envelope approximation down to a few cycles, circularly polarized solitons are very
robust, according to rotation symmetry and conservation of the angular momentum. However, in the sub-cycle regime, they become unstable, showing a spontaneous breaking of the rotation symmetry.

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Chapitre d'ouvrage
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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03204252
Contributeur : Okina Université d'Angers <>
Soumis le : mercredi 21 avril 2021 - 14:06:33
Dernière modification le : mercredi 5 mai 2021 - 03:34:25

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Hervé Leblond, Dumitru Mihalache, Houria Triki. Studies of existence and stability of circularly polarized few-cycle solitons beyond the slowly-varying envelope approximation. Boris Malomed. Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking, Self-Trapping, and Josephson Oscillations, Springer, pp.247-275, 2013, ⟨10.1007/10091_2012_28⟩. ⟨hal-03204252⟩

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