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β-TCP granules mixed with reticulated hyaluronic acid induce an increase in bone apposition

Abstract : β beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) granules are suitable for repair of bone defects. They have an osteoconductive effect shortly after implantation. However, dry granules are difficult to handle in the surgical room because of low weight and lack of cohesion. Incorporation of granules in a hydrogel could be a satisfactory solution. We have investigated the use of hyaluronic acid (HyA) as an aqueous binder of the granules. β-TCP granules were prepared by the polyurethane foam technology. Commercially available linear (LHya) and reticulated hyaluronic acid (RHyA) in aqueous solution were used to prepare a pasty mixture that can be handled more easily than granules alone. Thirteen New Zealand White rabbits (3.5–3.75 kg) were used; a 4 mm hole was drilled in each femoral condyle. After flushing, holes were filled with either LHyA, RHyA, dry β-TCP granules alone, β-TCP granules + LHyA and β-TCP granules + RHyA. Rabbits were allowed to heal for one month, sacrificed and femurs were harvested and analysed by microCT and histomorphometry. The net amount of newly formed bone was derived from measurements done after thresholding the microCT images for the material and for the material+bone. LHyA and RHyA did not result in healing of the grafted area. LHyA was rapidly eluted from the grafted zone but allowed deposition of more granules, although the amount of formed bone was not significantly higher than with β-TCP granules alone. RHyA permitted the deposition of more granules which induced significantly more bone trabeculae without inducing an inflammatory reaction. RHyA appears to be a good vehicle to implant granules of β-TCP, since HyA does not interfere with bone remodeling.
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Soumis le : lundi 21 juin 2021 - 12:57:13
Dernière modification le : mercredi 19 janvier 2022 - 16:26:02
Archivage à long terme le : : mercredi 22 septembre 2021 - 18:34:09


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Eric Aguado, Florence Pascaretti-Grizon, Christine Gaudin, Eric Goyenvalle, Daniel Chappard. β-TCP granules mixed with reticulated hyaluronic acid induce an increase in bone apposition. Biomedical Materials, IOP Publishing, 2014, 9 (1), pp.015001. ⟨10.1088/1748-6041/9/1/015001⟩. ⟨hal-03265958⟩



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