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PEEP-induced changes in lung volume in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Two methods to estimate alveolar recruitment

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Purpose Lung volumes, especially functional residual capacity (FRC), are decreased in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) contributes to increased end-expiratory lung volume (EELV) and to improved oxygenation, but differentiating recruitment of previously nonaerated lung units from distension of previously open lung units remains difficult. This study evaluated simple methods derived from bedside EELV measurements to assess PEEP-induced lung recruitment while monitoring strain. Methods Prospective multicenter study in 30 mechanically ventilated patients with ARDS in five university hospital ICUs. Two PEEP levels were studied, each for 45 min, and EELV (nitrogen washout/washin technique) was measured at both levels, with the difference (Δ) reflecting PEEP-induced lung volume changes. Alveolar recruitment was measured using pressure-volume (PV) curves. High and low recruiters were separated based on median recruitment at high PEEP. Minimum predicted increase in lung volume computed as the product of ΔPEEP by static compliance was subtracted from ΔEELV as an independent estimate of recruitment. Estimated and measured recruitments were compared. Strain induced by PEEP was also calculated from the same measurements. Results FRC was 31 ± 11% of predicted. Median [25th–75th percentiles] PEEP-induced recruitment was 272 [187–355] mL. Estimated recruitment correlated with recruited volume measured on PV curves (ρ = 0.68), with a slope close to identity. The ΔEELV/FRC ratio differentiated high from low recruiters (110 [76–135] vs. 55 [23–70]%, p = 0.001). Strain increase due to PEEP was larger in high recruiters (p = 0.002). Conclusion PEEP-induced recruitment and strain can be assessed at the bedside using EELV measurement. We describe two bedside methods for predicting low or high alveolar recruitment during ARDS.

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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03268453
Contributeur : Okina Université d'Angers <>
Soumis le : mercredi 23 juin 2021 - 11:01:11
Dernière modification le : mardi 13 juillet 2021 - 03:26:56

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Jean Dellamonica, Nicolas Lerolle, Cyril Sargentini, Gaetan Beduneau, Fabiano Di Marco, et al.. PEEP-induced changes in lung volume in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Two methods to estimate alveolar recruitment. Intensive Care Medicine, Springer Verlag, 2011, 37 (10), pp.1595 - 1604. ⟨10.1007/s00134-011-2333-y⟩. ⟨hal-03268453⟩

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