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Article dans une revue

Syndrome de détresse respiratoire aiguë secondaire à une infection à Toxocara cati

Abstract :

Human toxocarosis is a helminthozoonosis due to the migration of toxocara species larvae throughout the human body. Lung manifestations vary and range from asymptomatic infection to severe disease. Dry cough and chest discomfort are the most common respiratory symptoms. Clinical manifestations include a transient form of Loeffler's syndrome or an eosinophilic pneumonia. We report a case of bilateral pneumonia in an 80 year old caucasian man who developed very rapidly an acute respiratory distress syndrome, with a PaO2/FiO2 ratio of 55, requiring mechanical ventilation and adrenergic support. There was an increased eosinophilia in both blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Positive toxocara serology and the clinical picture confirmed the diagnosis of the "visceral larva migrans" syndrome. Intravenous corticosteroid therapy produced a rapid rise in PaO2/FiO2 before the administration of specific treatment. A few cases of acute pneumonia requiring mechanical ventilation due to toxocara have been published but this is, to our knowledge, is the first reported case of ARDS with multi-organ failure.

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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03268902
Contributeur : Okina Université d'Angers <>
Soumis le : mercredi 23 juin 2021 - 15:28:05
Dernière modification le : mardi 13 juillet 2021 - 03:15:48

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Jean-Marc Tadié, A. Chaudeurge, Nicolas Lerolle, J. Audibert, Ana Novara, et al.. Syndrome de détresse respiratoire aiguë secondaire à une infection à Toxocara cati. Revue des Maladies Respiratoires, Elsevier Masson, 2010, 27 (5), pp.505 - 508. ⟨10.1016/j.rmr.2010.03.014⟩. ⟨hal-03268902⟩

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