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Changes in the management of urinary tract infections in women: impact of the new recommendations on antibiotic prescribing behavior in France, between 2014 and 2019

Abstract : Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common infections that require antibiotic therapy. In December 2015, new guidelines for UTI management were published in France with the aim of reducing antibiotic misuse and the risk of antimicrobial resistance. Objectives: To analyze changes in antibiotic prescribing behavior for acute uncomplicated UTI in women in France from 2014 to 2019. Methods: Retrospective study using data extracted from the medico-administrative database 'OpenMedic' that is linked to the French National Health Data System and collects data on the reimbursement of prescribed drugs. The analyses focused on the number of boxes of antibiotics delivered by community pharmacies, the molecule class, and the prescriber's specialty. Results: Overall, antibiotic dispensing by community pharmacies increased by 2% between 2014 and 2019, but with differences in function of the antibiotic class. The use of antibiotics recommended as first-line and second-line treatment increased (+ 41% for fosfomycin and + 7430% for pivmecillinam). Conversely, the dispensing of lomefloxacin and norfloxacin decreased by 80%, and that of ciprofloxacin by 26%. Some antibiotics were mostly prescribed by general practitioners (lomefloxacin, pivmecillinam) and others by secondary care physicians (ofloxacin). Dispensing increased for antibiotics prescribed by secondary care physicians (+ 13% between 2014 and 2019) and decreased for antibiotics prescribed by GPs (− 2% for the same period). Conclusion: These data suggest that the new recommendations are followed, as indicated by the increased prescription of fosfomycin and pivmecillinam and decreased prescription of fluoroquinolones. However, the efficient transmission and implementation of new recommendations by practitioners requires time, means and dedicated tools.
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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03273582
Contributeur : Arthur Piraux <>
Soumis le : mardi 29 juin 2021 - 12:19:01
Dernière modification le : jeudi 1 juillet 2021 - 11:15:44

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Arthur Piraux, Sébastien Faure, Kurt Naber, Jakhongir Alidjanov, Aline Ramond-Roquin. Changes in the management of urinary tract infections in women: impact of the new recommendations on antibiotic prescribing behavior in France, between 2014 and 2019. BMC Health Services Research, BioMed Central, 2021, 21, pp.612. ⟨10.1186/s12913-021-06653-4⟩. ⟨hal-03273582⟩

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