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Article dans une revue

Microparticles are vectors of paradoxical information in vascular cells including the endothelium: role in health and diseases

Abstract :

Both inflammation and thrombosis can be orchestrated by the interactions between circulating cells, such as leukocytes and platelets, with vascular, endothelial and smooth muscle cells, which, during activation or apoptosis, can release circulating microparticles (MPs). Indeed, MPs are membrane vesicles with procoagulant and proinflammatory properties. MPs are present in blood from healthy individuals and in patients under several pathological states, for instance sepsis, preeclampsia, Crohn's disease and diabetes, strengthening the notion that MPs may play a role in these diseases. Circulating MPs or those generated in vitro from apoptotic T cells display deleterious effects on endothelial and/or vasomotor function. In contrast, MPs might be protective to endothelial cells. We have shown that MPs harboring the morphogen sonic hedgehog may represent a new therapeutic approach against endothelial dysfunction during acute severe endothelial injury. Indeed, these types of MPs induce NO release, decrease production of reactive oxygen species and induce angiogenesis from endothelial cells. This protective role for the endothelium was confirmed also by their in vivo injection in mice in which they were also able to reverse endothelial dysfunction in a model of heart ischemia/reperfusion. On the contrary, MPs from preeclamptic women compared to those from normal pregnant women showed pro-inflammatory properties in the vascular wall inducing vascular hyporeactivity in vessels from humans and mice. These effects were associated with complex interactions between NO and cyclooxygenase systems via endothelial cell activation. Altogether, these findings suggest that MPs can be considered as vectors of biological messages for vascular homeostasis, during immunity and inflammation.

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Article dans une revue
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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03275680
Contributeur : Okina Université d'Angers <>
Soumis le : jeudi 1 juillet 2021 - 12:36:35
Dernière modification le : vendredi 2 juillet 2021 - 03:37:31

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  • HAL Id : hal-03275680, version 1
  • OKINA : ua314

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Ferhat Meziani, Angela Tesse, Ramaroson Andriantsitohaina. Microparticles are vectors of paradoxical information in vascular cells including the endothelium: role in health and diseases. Pharmacological Reports, Inst. of Pharmacology, Polish Acad. of Sciences, 2008, 60 (1), pp.75 - 84. ⟨hal-03275680⟩

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