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Applications of Human Tissue-Engineered Blood Vessel Models to Study the Effects of Shed Membrane Microparticles from T-Lymphocytes on Vascular Function

Abstract :

Microparticles (MPs) are membrane vesicles harboring cell surface proteins and containing cytoplasmic components of the original cell. High levels of circulating MPs have been detected in pathological states associated with vascular dysfunction. We took advantage of the self-assembly method of tissue engineering to produce in vitro three vascular constructs from human vascular smooth muscle cells and fibroblasts to investigate the role of the adventitia in the modulation of vascular tone by MPs, comparing the contractile response of each of these constructs to histamine. The first two were composed of an adventitia (tissue-engineered vascular adventitia (TEVA)) or a media (tissue-engineered vascular media (TEVM)) solely, and the third one contained a media and an adventitia (tissue-engineered vascular media and adventitia (TEVMA)). In the three constructs, the results show that histamine induces contraction insensitive to blockade of inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and not affected by MP treatment. MPs decreased NO production and nuclear factor (NF)-κB expression but did not affect superoxide anion (O2−) release in TEVA. MPs enhanced NF-κB expression but did not affect iNOS and COX-2 expression or NO or O2− release in TEVM. In TEVMA, MPs did not enhance NF-κB expression, but COX-2 expression was higher, and O2− release was lower. Thus, MPs affected NO, O2−, NF-κB, and COX-2 in a subtle fashion to maintain the contractile response to histamine. The use of tissue-engineered vascular constructs results in a better understanding of the effect of MPs on human adventitia and media.

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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03275684
Contributeur : Okina Université d'Angers <>
Soumis le : jeudi 1 juillet 2021 - 12:38:26
Dernière modification le : mardi 13 juillet 2021 - 03:15:47

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Maria Pricci, Jean-Michel Bourget, Hubert Robitaille, Chiara Porro, Raffaella Soleti, et al.. Applications of Human Tissue-Engineered Blood Vessel Models to Study the Effects of Shed Membrane Microparticles from T-Lymphocytes on Vascular Function. Tissue Engineering: Parts A, B, and C, Mary Ann Liebert, 2009, 15 (1), pp.137 - 145. ⟨10.1089/ten.tea.2007.0360⟩. ⟨hal-03275684⟩

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