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False-positive iodine-131 whole-body scan findings in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma: report of 11 cases and review of the literature

Abstract :

BACKGROUND: Iodine-131 (I-131) whole-body scan (WBS) plays an important role in the management of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC), to detect normal thyroid remnants and recurrent or metastatic disease. A focus of I-131 accumulation outside the thyroid bed and the areas of physiological uptake is strongly suggestive of a distant functioning metastasis. However, many false-positive I-131 WBS findings have been reported in the literature.

PATIENT FINDINGS: We describe a series of 11 personal cases of patients with DTC, collected from 1992 to 2011, in whom diagnostic or post-treatment WBS showed false-positive retention of I-131 in various locations.

SUMMARY: False-positive accumulations of I-131 on WBS may be classified according to the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms: external and internal contaminations by body secretions, ectopic normal thyroid and gastric tissues, inflammatory and infectious diseases, benign and malignant tumors, cysts and effusions of serous cavities, thymic uptake, and other non classified causes.

CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians must be aware of possible false-positive findings to avoid misinterpretations of the I-131 WBS, which could lead to inappropriate treatments.

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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03276673
Contributeur : Okina Université d'Angers <>
Soumis le : vendredi 2 juillet 2021 - 11:57:57
Dernière modification le : samedi 3 juillet 2021 - 03:29:53

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Leckzinscka Buton, Olivier Morel, Patricia Gault, Frédéric Illouz, Patrice Rodien, et al.. False-positive iodine-131 whole-body scan findings in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma: report of 11 cases and review of the literature. Annales d'Endocrinologie, Elsevier Masson, 2013, 74 (3), pp.221-30. ⟨10.1016/j.ando.2013.05.007⟩. ⟨hal-03276673⟩

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