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Plasmatic and Urinary 5-Hydroxyindolacetic Acid Measurements in Patients With Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors: A GTE Study

Abstract : Abstract Context Although 24-hour urinary 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (24u5HIAA) is a key biomarker in midgut neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), it may be inaccurate and inconvenient. Objective We compared the diagnostic performances of 24u5HIAA, overnight urinary 5HIAA (Ou5HIAA), and plasmatic 5HIAA (p5HIAA) in midgut NETs. Methods This prospective, multicenter study included 80 patients with metastatic midgut NETs and 17 control patients with irritable bowel syndrome. 24u5HIAA, Ou5HIAA, and p5HIAA were measured in urine and plasma collected on 2 consecutive days following a specific recommended diet. Reproducibility of the biomarkers was evaluated by the Spearman test. Diagnostic performance was assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC). Correlations with the main clinical features and declared observance to the specific diet were assessed using AUROC and logistic regression models. Results The reproducibility of 24u5HIAA, Ou5HIAA, and p5HIAA were excellent (ρ = 0.916; 0.897; 0.978, respectively, P < .001) with significant discrimination between patients and controls (AUROC = 0.795, P < .001; 0.757, P = .001; 0.717, P = .005, respectively). All 3 markers were correlated with the presence of carcinoid syndrome (AUROC = 0.702, P = .006; 0.701, P = .006; 0.697, P = .007, respectively), carcinoid heart disease (AUROC = 0.896; 0.887; 0.923, P < .001, respectively, P < .001), and liver metastatic involvement greater than 30% (AUROC = 0.827; 0.807; 0.849, P < .001, respectively, P < .001), independent from other traditional prognostic factors. Biomarker levels were similar between patients with optimal or suboptimal diet observance. Conclusion Ou5HIAA and p5HIAA could be used as more convenient alternatives to 24u5HIAA in patients with metastatic midgut NETs. Prospective long-term studies with repeated dosages are needed.
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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03287271
Contributeur : Véronique Bourgeais <>
Soumis le : jeudi 15 juillet 2021 - 15:06:31
Dernière modification le : vendredi 16 juillet 2021 - 03:04:23

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Louis de Mestier, Frédérique Savagner, Hedia Brixi, Christine Do Cao, Sophie Dominguez-Tinajero, et al.. Plasmatic and Urinary 5-Hydroxyindolacetic Acid Measurements in Patients With Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors: A GTE Study. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Endocrine Society, 2021, 106 (4), pp.e1673-e1682. ⟨10.1210/clinem/dgaa924⟩. ⟨hal-03287271⟩

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