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Article dans une revue

Impaired decision-making and brain shrinkage in alcoholism

Abstract :

Alcohol-dependent individuals usually favor instant gratification of alcohol use and ignore its long-term negative consequences, reflecting impaired decision-making. According to the somatic marker hypothesis, decision-making abilities are subtended by an extended brain network. As chronic alcohol consumption is known to be associated with brain shrinkage in this network, the present study investigated relationships between brain shrinkage and decision-making impairments in alcohol-dependent individuals early in abstinence using voxel-based morphometry. Thirty patients performed the Iowa Gambling Task and underwent a magnetic resonance imaging investigation (1.5T). Decision-making performances and brain data were compared with those of age-matched healthy controls. In the alcoholic group, a multiple regression analysis was conducted with two predictors (gray matter [GM] volume and decision-making measure) and two covariates (number of withdrawals and duration of alcoholism). Compared with controls, alcoholics had impaired decision-making and widespread reduced gray matter volume, especially in regions involved in decision-making. The regression analysis revealed links between high GM volume in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and right hippocampal formation, and high decision-making scores (P<0.001, uncorrected). Decision-making deficits in alcoholism may result from impairment of both emotional and cognitive networks.

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Article dans une revue
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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03355741
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Soumis le : lundi 27 septembre 2021 - 15:07:07
Dernière modification le : mercredi 27 avril 2022 - 03:49:04

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A. Le Berre, G. Rauchs, R. La Joie, F. Mezenge, C. Boudehent, et al.. Impaired decision-making and brain shrinkage in alcoholism. European Psychiatry, Cambridge University press, 2012, 29 (3), pp.125-33. ⟨10.1016/j.eurpsy.2012.10.002⟩. ⟨hal-03355741⟩

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