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Article dans une revue

Progressive increase in mtDNA 3243A>G heteroplasmy causes abrupt transcriptional reprogramming

Abstract :

Variation in the intracellular percentage of normal and mutant mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNA) (heteroplasmy) can be associated with phenotypic heterogeneity in mtDNA diseases. Individuals that inherit the common disease-causing mtDNA tRNALeu(UUR) 3243A>G mutation and harbor approximately 10-30% 3243G mutant mtDNAs manifest diabetes and occasionally autism; individuals with approximately 50-90% mutant mtDNAs manifest encephalomyopathies; and individuals with approximately 90-100% mutant mtDNAs face perinatal lethality. To determine the basis of these abrupt phenotypic changes, we generated somatic cell cybrids harboring increasing levels of the 3243G mutant and analyzed the associated cellular phenotypes and nuclear DNA (nDNA) and mtDNA transcriptional profiles by RNA sequencing. Small increases in mutant mtDNAs caused relatively modest defects in oxidative capacity but resulted in sharp transitions in cellular phenotype and gene expression. Cybrids harboring 20-30% 3243G mtDNAs had reduced mtDNA mRNA levels, rounded mitochondria, and small cell size. Cybrids with 50-90% 3243G mtDNAs manifest induction of glycolytic genes, mitochondrial elongation, increased mtDNA mRNA levels, and alterations in expression of signal transduction, epigenomic regulatory, and neurodegenerative disease-associated genes. Finally, cybrids with 100% 3243G experienced reduced mtDNA transcripts, rounded mitochondria, and concomitant changes in nuclear gene expression. Thus, striking phase changes occurred in nDNA and mtDNA gene expression in response to the modest changes of the mtDNA 3243G mutant levels. Hence, a major factor in the phenotypic variation in heteroplasmic mtDNA mutations is the limited number of states that the nucleus can acquire in response to progressive changes in mitochondrial retrograde signaling.

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Soumis le : mardi 26 octobre 2021 - 14:22:50
Dernière modification le : vendredi 29 octobre 2021 - 03:58:43

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M. Picard, Jiangwen Zhang, S. Hancock, O. Derbeneva, R. Golhar, et al.. Progressive increase in mtDNA 3243A>G heteroplasmy causes abrupt transcriptional reprogramming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2014, 111 (38), pp.E4033 - E4042. ⟨10.1073/pnas.1414028111⟩. ⟨hal-03404065⟩



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