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Comparison of outcomes in patients with abandoned versus extracted implantable cardioverter defibrillator leads

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SummaryBackgroundDespite the increased number of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients and the frequent need for device upgrading and/or occurrence of lead malfunction, the optimal approach to managing abandoned leads remains debated. Aims To determine the rate and type of complications related to either abandoned or extracted ICD leads. Methods Patients with abandoned or extracted leads were identified retrospectively. Patient medical records were reviewed to assess long-term lead or device malfunction, defibrillation test values before and after lead abandonment or extraction, and appropriateness of delivered shocks and subsequent surgical procedures related to devices or leads. Results A total of 58 ICD patients with 47 extracted and 34 abandoned leads were identified. After a mean follow-up of 3.2 ± 2.6 years, the defibrillation test was not affected by either abandoned or extracted leads (23.4 ± 6.6 J vs 25.4 ± 4.9 J, respectively; P = 0.24). There were no differences in the number of ICD-related surgical procedures after extracting versus abandoning leads (22% vs 12%, respectively; P = 0.3) or in the thromboembolic event rate (7.7% vs 6.3%; P = 0.83). During follow-up, no differences in the occurrence of major complications or appropriate/inappropriate shocks were observed between patients with or without abandoned leads. Conclusion We observed no difference in rates of immediate or medium-term complications between extracting versus abandoning leads. Lead abandonment remains an alternative and safe option when extraction does not appear mandatory according to the age of the leads or experience of the operating centre.

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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03405218
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Soumis le : mercredi 27 octobre 2021 - 10:30:08
Dernière modification le : mardi 22 février 2022 - 09:54:05

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Mathieu Amelot, Anthony Foucault, Patrice Scanu, Sophie Gomes, Laure Champ-Rigot, et al.. Comparison of outcomes in patients with abandoned versus extracted implantable cardioverter defibrillator leads. Archives of cardiovascular diseases, Elsevier/French Society of Cardiology, 2011, 104 (11), pp.572 - 577. ⟨10.1016/j.acvd.2011.08.004⟩. ⟨hal-03405218⟩

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