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Article dans une revue

Highly conserved gsc1 gene of Pneumocystis jirovecii in patients with or without prior exposure to Echinocandins

Abstract : Echinocandins are noncompetitive inhibitors of the GSC1 subunit of the enzymatic complex involved in synthesis of 1,3-beta-D-glucan, a cell wall component of most fungi, including Pneumocystis spp. Echinocandins are widely used for treating systemic candidiasis and rarely used for treating Pneumocystis pneumonia. Consequently, data on P. jirovecii gsc1 gene diversity are still scarce, compared to the homologous fks1 gene of Candida spp. In this study, we analyzed P. jirovecii gsc1 gene diversity and the putative selection pressure of echinocandins on P. jirovecii. Gsc1 gene sequences of P. jirovecii specimens from two patient groups were compared. One group of 27 patients had prior exposure to echinocandins whereas the second group of 24 patients did not, at the time of P. jirovecii infection diagnoses. Two portions of P. jirovecii gsc1 gene, HS1 and HS2, homologous to hot spots described in Candida spp., were sequenced. Three SNPs at positions 2204, 2243, and 2303 close to the HS1 region and another SNP at position 4540 more distant from the HS2 region were identified. These SNPs represent synonymous mutations. Three gsc1 HS1 alleles, A, B, and C, and two gsc1 HS2 alleles, a and b, and four haplotypes, Ca, Cb, Aa, and Ba, were defined, without significant difference in haplotype distribution in both patient groups ( p = 0.57). Considering the identical diversity of P. jirovecii gsc1 gene and the detection of synonymous mutations in both patient groups, no selection pressure of echinocandins among P. jirovecii microorganisms can be pointed out so far.
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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-03411559
Contributeur : Nathalie Clement Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : mardi 2 novembre 2021 - 13:36:33
Dernière modification le : mercredi 3 novembre 2021 - 03:42:52

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Pierre Bonnet, Solène Le Gal, Claire Hoffmann, Florent Morio, Fouleymata Diabira, et al.. Highly conserved gsc1 gene of Pneumocystis jirovecii in patients with or without prior exposure to Echinocandins. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, American Society for Microbiology, 2021, ⟨10.1128/AAC.01563-21⟩. ⟨hal-03411559⟩

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