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Modeling and simulation of a quantum thermal noise on the qubit

Abstract : Quantum noise or decoherence is a major factor impacting the performance of quantum technologies. On the qubit, an important quantum noise, often relevant in practice, is the thermal noise or generalized amplitude damping noise, describing the interaction with a thermal bath at an arbitrary temperature. A qubit thermal noise however cannot be modeled nor directly simulated with a few elementary Pauli operators, but instead requires specific operators. Our main goal here is to construct a circuit model for simulating the thermal noise from standard elementary qubit operators. Starting from a common quantum-operation model based on Kraus operators and an associated qubit-environment model, we derive a proper Stinespring dilated representation for the thermal noise. This dilated unitary model is then decomposed in terms of simple elementary qubit operators, and converted into a circuit based on elementary quantum gates. We arrive at our targeted simulator circuit for the thermal noise, coming with built-in easy control on the noise parameters. The noise simulator is then physically implemented and tested on an IBM-Q quantum processor. The simulator represents a useful addition to existing libraries of quantum circuits for quantum processors, and it offers a new tool for investigating quantum signal and information processing having to cope with thermal noise.
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Contributeur : François Chapeau-Blondeau Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : mercredi 16 novembre 2022 - 15:33:25
Dernière modification le : jeudi 17 novembre 2022 - 09:10:38




François Chapeau-Blondeau. Modeling and simulation of a quantum thermal noise on the qubit. Fluctuation and Noise Letters, 2022, vol. 21, pp.2250060,1-17. ⟨10.1142/S0219477522500602⟩. ⟨hal-03855977⟩



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