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Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding in adolescents with severe obesity: Psychological aspects, decision makers of surgery, and 2-year outcomes. A case series

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The results of medical treatment of severe obesity in the adolescent population (balanced diet and physical activity) are often unsatisfactory, and bariatric surgery is questioned. The psychological determinants for requesting bariatric surgery in these adolescents are unclear. The objective of this study was to report the psychiatric and psychological aspects as well as the determinants of the medical decision for surgery in a cohort of obese adolescents requesting bariatric surgery by laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. METHODS: Thirty-five adolescents (12.3-17.7 years of age), were recruited from January 2007 to December 2012. Semistructured interviews were conducted. RESULTS: Fifty-four percent of the adolescents had a psychiatric history and 85% had psychiatric comorbidities. In adolescents undergoing surgery, excess weight loss was 46% after 1 year and 51% after 2years. For patients not receiving surgery, excess weight loss was 0.43% after 1 year (P=0.001). Compliance with medical treatment was the only significant element contributing to the decision to perform surgery. Results in terms of satisfaction and perception 1 and 2years after surgery were encouraging. CONCLUSION: Bariatric surgery is feasible in young patients and produces good results in terms of excess weight loss. We argue that compliance with medical treatment is probably one of the most important elements for making the decision to perform bariatric surgery and in excess weight loss after surgery. We probably need to focus on the compliance of young patients and evaluate how this can be improved.
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https://hal.univ-angers.fr/hal-02535073
Contributeur : Marie-Françoise Gerard <>
Soumis le : mardi 7 avril 2020 - 14:06:29
Dernière modification le : mardi 6 octobre 2020 - 14:32:02

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Elise Riquin, Françoise Schmitt, Natacha Bouhours-Nouet, Marion Beaumesnil, Mickaël Dinomais, et al.. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding in adolescents with severe obesity: Psychological aspects, decision makers of surgery, and 2-year outcomes. A case series. Archives de Pédiatrie, Elsevier, 2018, 25 (4), pp.269-273. ⟨10.1016/j.arcped.2018.02.004⟩. ⟨hal-02535073⟩

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